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حجم الخط

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Tue 1 Jan 2013 06:40 PM

حجم الخط

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العرب يتفوقون على العالم بالحديث عن السياسة على الشبكات الاجتماعية

   يتفوق العرب على العالم بالحديث عن السياسة على الشبكات الاجتماعية عدا اللبنانيين الذي أصابهم إنهاك السياسة بعد الحرب الأهلية وذلك وفقا لدراسة أجراها معهد الأبحاث بيو PEW، والتي شملت 20 بلدا، وطغت على حوارات العرب أحاديث السياسة والدين والمجتمع.

العرب يتفوقون على العالم بالحديث عن السياسة على الشبكات الاجتماعية

 

يتفوق العرب على العالم بالحديث عن السياسة على الشبكات الاجتماعية عدا اللبنانيين الذي أصابهم إنهاك السياسة بعد الحرب الأهلية وذلك وفقا لدراسة أجراها معهد الأبحاث بيو PEW، والتي شملت 20 بلدا، وطغت على حوارات العرب أحاديث السياسة والدين والمجتمع.

 

 واشار أكثر من ستة بين كل عشرة أشخاص في كل من تونس ومصر، وهما بلدان كانا في قلب ما يسمى بالربيع العربي، أنهم يتبادلون الرأي في السياسة، بينما لا تتجاوز نسبة من يتداول الحديث بالسياسة في العشرين بلد موضع الدراسة، معدل 34%. ويبادر سبعة من كل عشرة أشخاص في كل من لبنان وتونس ومصر والأردن، من المشتركين  المشتركون بالشبكات الاجتماعية، بالحديث فيما بينهم في حوارات حول القضايا الاجتماعية فيما لا تتجاوز نسبة هذا التعاطي معدل 46% بين الدول العشرين الأخرى.

 

تجذب الشبكات الاجتماعية اهتمام طبقات معينة في دول ذات رواتب منخفضة أو متوسطة ينشط المشتركون فيها بالشبكات الاجتماعية بشغف كبير، ومثلا، تعتمد غالبية مستخدمي الإنترنت في دول مثل البرازيل وتونس ومصر والأردن وتركيا على مواقع الشبكات الاجتماعية، فيما لا تجذب هذه المواقع غالبية سكان ألمانيا واليابان.

ويتصدر الدين مناقشات الشبكات الاجتماعية في الشرق الأوسط بدرجة تفوق الاهتمام بالدين في فرنسا والمكسيك وهما أقل دولتين تشهد الشبكات الاجتماعية فيهما أقل تداول للدين فيهما وترجح الدراسة ذلك بسبب حسم نزاعات دور الدين والدولة لصالح فصلهما في هاتين الدولتين.

 

 

  

In 19 of 21 countries, about three-in-ten or more of those polled use sites such as Facebook, including about half in Britain (52%), the U.S. (50%), Russia (50%), Spain (49%), and the Czech Republic (49%). Only in India (6%) and Pakistan (4%) is the percentage of adults who use social networking sites in single digits.1

In every country polled, use of social networking sites varies by age. In 17 of 21 countries, there is a gap of 50 points or more in usage of social networking sites between those younger than 30 and those 50 or older. This gap is particularly pronounced in Italy, Poland, Britain and Greece, where at least 70 percentage points separate those in the younger group from those in the older group.

Similarly, use of social networking sites varies by education level, with double-digit differences between those with a college degree and those without a college degree in 15 of 18 countries (this finding excludes Mexico, Brazil and Pakistan, where fewer than 100 respondents have a college degree). The widest gap is found in Egypt, where 81% of those with a college degree use social networking sites, compared with just 18% of those with less education.

Among those who participate in social networks, sharing views about music and movies is a popular activity; majorities in 17 countries say they have done this. In China (86%), India (85%), Mexico (84%), Greece (83%), Turkey (78%), Tunisia (77%) and Italy (75%), at least three-quarters have shared their views about music and movies. Sports, on the other hand, is a less common topic, with half or more of users of social networking sites in only seven countries – India, Jordan, Tunisia, Turkey, Egypt, Brazil and China – saying they have shared their opinions about sports.

In Arab countries such as Tunisia, Lebanon, Jordan and Egypt, social networking sites are also a popular forum for expressing views on politics and community issues. More than seven-in-ten users of social networking sites in these countries have posted about community issues on these sites, and at least six-in-ten have shared their views about politics. Italy and Turkey are the only other countries surveyed where majorities of those who use social networking sites have expressed opinions about community issues (64% and 63%, respectively); most in Turkey also have shared their views on politics on these sites (57%).

Users of social networking in Tunisia (63%), Egypt (63%) and Jordan (62%) are also more likely than those in other countries to say they have posted on religion. In fact, in no other nation surveyed has a majority of users of these sites shared views about religion. In 14 countries, only about a third or less have posted on this topic.

Cell Phones Nearly Universal in Much of World

Broad majorities around the world own a cell phone. Three-quarters or more in 18 of the 21 countries surveyed say they have a mobile phone, while at least half say the same in Mexico (63%), India (56%) and Pakistan (52%).

In addition to making phone calls, most respondents say they regularly use their cell phone to send text messages. At least two-thirds of cell-phone owners in 17 countries say they frequently text, including 93% in Mexico and 90% in Lebanon. Turks (60%), Germans (58%), Indians (42%) and Pakistanis (36%) are less likely to send text messages.

Taking pictures or videos with cell phones is somewhat less popular. The Japanese (79%), Mexicans (70%), Americans (67%) and Spanish (67%) are the most likely to regularly use their phones to take a picture or video, while roughly six-in-ten or fewer say the same in the other 17 countries surveyed. Pakistanis (13%) are the least likely to use their mobile phones for such a purpose.

Few cell phone users access the internet on their phones. In 18 of the countries surveyed, fewer than four-in-ten say they regularly use their mobile phone to access the internet. The British (52%), Japanese (51%) and Americans (51%) are most likely to do so.

Smart Phone Users Engaged on Social Networks

Among smart phone users – defined here as those who own a cell phone and regularly use it to access the internet – social networking is very popular.

In 12 countries, at least six-in-ten smart phone users access social networks with their phones. The practice is particularly common in Egypt (79%), Mexico (74%) and Greece (72%). The Japanese (45%) and Chinese (31%), on the other hand, are the least likely to use their phones for connecting with social networks.

Respondents in the U.S., Japan and Europe are most likely to use their smart phones to get information about consumer products, their job or politics. At least four-in-ten in these countries say they use their phone regularly to get information about prices and availability of products or about issues related to their job. And more than a third say the same about accessing political news and information.

Overall, smart phone users in the countries surveyed in the Middle East, Asia and Latin America are less likely to use their phones to gather information, although there are a few exceptions. A majority of smart phone users in India (60%), for example, rely on their mobile phones for information about their job. Egyptians (65%) are particularly likely to search for political news on their cell phones. And the Chinese (48%) are more likely to use their mobile phones to access information about politics than any of the other smart phone activities asked about.

The young are considerably more engaged with their cell phones than their elders. There are double-digit age gaps in most countries for all cell phone activities except making calls. For example, in 19 of the 21 countries surveyed, 18-29 year olds are at least 10 percentage points more likely than those age 50 or older to use their cell phone to access the internet. The biggest differences occur in China (+63 points), Japan (+62), Russia (+62) and Britain (+61).

The way people use their cell phones also varies considerably by education. For example, in 14 countries, respondents with a college education are at least 10 percentage points more likely than those without a college degree to access the internet on their mobile phones. The education gap is particularly large in China (+47), Turkey (+36), Egypt (+32) and Lebanon (+31).